Jul 18, 2022
In Self Help Forum
For articles related to kidney stones, please refer to the previous episodes: "EP1. Causes and Prevention of Stones" , " EP2. Ten Things You Must Know About Kidney Stones" , " EP3. Symptoms and Treatment of Kidney Stones" >. Continuing the "Treatment of Kidney Stones" in the previous article, it is a more general introduction to various methods of kidney stone surgery. Today, I want to introduce a very common treatment method in kidney stone surgery—laser surgery. Before that, let's make a brief introduction: stones in the urinary tract system can be divided into: bladder stones, ureteral stones, and kidney stones photo background removing according to their location. The three types of stones have different symptoms and causes. 1_ze-STGToYSwpd022RLC-xw Photo Credit: Mr. Bird Science Bladder stones are prone to symptoms such as hematuria and urinary obstruction. Ureteral stones often cause pain, hematuria, nausea, and low back pain. Kidney stones, although they sound like the most serious ones, are mostly asymptomatic. The treatment methods of these types of stones are not the same, but they can be simply divided into three categories: abdominal surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and ureteroscopy. Abdominal surgery, as the name suggests, requires a knife to cut through the skin and urinary tract organs on the stomach, and then remove the stones directly. Drilling holes can be done traditionally or with minimally invasive methods, but this is rarely done. The surgery is mainly aimed at kidney stones. The operation will make a hole in the side waist or back (about the size of a breast milk straw), and then use a special endoscope to remove the stone. Ureteroscopic surgery is the most common surgical method at present. It is a completely non-invasive surgery and uses the natural orifice (urethra > bladder > ureter > see stones). The advantage of taking the natural channel is that there is no wound, the recovery of physical strength after surgery is fast, the discharge speed is fast, and there are no sequelae. During the operation, the doctor will use an endoscope with a length of about one meter and a diameter of a ballpoint pen refill to insert through the urethra, and then pass through the bladder to the ureter or kidney.